IDT 873: Research on Feedback

IDT873 Maddrell Abstract Feedback

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IDT 873 Abstracts: Feedback Jennifer Maddrell Olina, Z., & Sullivan, H. (2004). Student self-evaluation, teacher evaluation, and learner performance. Educational Technology Research and Development, 52(3), Research Purpose and focus. Olina and Sullivan (2004) examined the effect of student selfevaluation and teacher feedback on learning. Their research focused on the comparative and combined performance effects of self- and teacher-evaluation, as well as the effect of both on student and teacher attitudes. Olina and Sullivan predicted that teacher evaluation would improve student performance to a greater extent that self-evaluation. Further, they predicted that selfevaluation would result in better performance and engagement than no-evaluation. Methodology. 341 high school students in Latvia took part in the study. Learners came from 16 classes which were selected from eight schools in different Latvian regions, including a diverse mix of rural and urban areas and of socio-economic backgrounds. Each of the eight schools were stratified based on ability (based on ninth grade standardized Latvian exams) and grouped into either the four higher or four lower ability schools. Each of the four schools in each group were then randomly assigned to one of four treatment groups, including (a) no evaluation, (b) self-evaluation, (c) teacher-evaluation, and (d) self-plus-teacher evaluation groups.. Eight teachers taught two classes each. Over the course of a six week term consisting of two 40 minute class periods per week, all students took the same 12 lesson instructional program about experimental research design which included both a student book and teacher guide. Students in all classes conducted the same experiments, produced written reports as required by the instruction, and were introduced to the project rating scale, a descriptive rubric for evaluating the written projects. However, students in the self-evaluation group formally selfevaluated their own work based on the project rating scale. Students in the teacher-evaluation group were provided written feedback from their teachers based on the same project rating scale. Students in the self-plus-teacher group formally self-evaluated their own work and received written teacher feedback. Students in the no-evaluation (control) group received no formal feedback from the teacher and they were not asked to formally evaluate their own work. Performance measures included ratings of the students’ final projects and posttest scores. In addition, student and teacher attitudes were measured in surveys after the course. Results and conclusions. While there were no significant differences between treatment groups on the posttest scores, the teacher-evaluation and self-plus-teacher groups had significantly higher project scores than the no evaluation group and the self-evaluation groups. Further, in both self-evaluation groups, over 90% of students rated their projects higher than the experimenter-based rating in the final projects. Students in both groups with formal selfevaluation reported more positive attitudes toward the program as compared to the other groups, but both students and teachers preferred teacher-evaluation and felt it provided a more valuable evaluation. Heuristics The results of these experiments suggest that incorporating formal self-evaluation may increase a learner’s confidence in his or her future performance. However, teacher-evaluation alone or combined with self-evaluation is more likely to improve learner performance over no evaluation or self-evaluation alone. Page | 1 Submitted 20081104 IDT 873 Abstracts: Feedback Jennifer Maddrell Critique This study, conducted over a six week term, provides support for prior research that suggests teacher feedback improves student performance. While no significant differences were found in posttest measures, the results suggest that teacher feedback may provide superior learning outcomes (based on other than test application measures) as compared to no evaluation feedback or self-evaluation feedback. Yet, the results do indicate value in learner self-evaluation in terms of increased learner self-control and self-confidence. Page | 2 Submitted 20081104